14 May 2024 Article

4 Main Types of Mobile Cranes Commonly Used in Construction

Mobile cranes are essential for lifting and maneuvering heavy materials precisely and easily in the construction industry. These machines, varied in design and capabilities, are tailored to meet the diverse demands of construction projects. 

From small-scale building works to significant infrastructure developments, cranes ensure tasks are completed efficiently and safely. 

There are four main types of cranes: Truck Terrain, Rough Terrain, Telescopic Truck, and All Terrain. Each type is selected for its specific features and suitability for different construction environments. 

Here, you'll gain insights into these cranes, understanding their unique strengths and applications.

What is The Function of a Crane?

Cranes are primarily used to lift and transport heavy materials that are impossible to move manually, such as steel beams, concrete blocks, and large construction equipment.

They are designed to reach high elevations, which is essential for constructing tall buildings and structures. This capability allows workers to place materials precisely where needed, even at great heights.

Also, cranes can move loads vertically and horizontally, offering flexibility in maneuvering materials around a construction site. This versatility is crucial in tight spaces or complex building layouts.

4 Widely-used Types of Cranes in the Construction Industry

Moving into the specifics, let's explore the four widely used types of cranes in the construction industry. Each type has unique features and applications, making them suitable for various construction environments.

2 4 main types of mobile cranes commonly used in construction

1. Truck Terrain Cranes

These cranes combine a truck's mobility with a crane's lifting capability, making them ideal for both on- and off-road construction environments. They are designed to be quickly set up and are highly versatile for various tasks.

  • HTT-8675 Series II

This model boasts a maximum lift capacity of 75 US tons and a standard boom length of 41 to 127 feet, making it adaptable for different lifting needs. The attachment length can extend to 96 feet. 

It has durable front and rear tires, sized at 445/65R22.5, ensuring stability and mobility on various terrains.

  • HTT-86100

This crane is a powerhouse with a maximum lift capacity of 100 tons and an impressive boom length of up to 140 feet. It features a five-section boom with four powered sections designed for strength and flexibility. 

  • HTT-86110

This crane is designed for heavy lifting with a maximum carrying capacity of 73 tons at a 2-meter reach. Its carrying capacity at total reach is 0.45 tons at 40 meters, showcasing its capability to handle loads at various distances.

Read Also: The Ultimate of New HSC Crane Series: SCX1000HD-3

3 4 main types of mobile cranes commonly used in construction

2. Rough Terrain Cranes

Known for their stability and robust build, Rough Terrain Cranes are essential in environments with uneven ground. Their large tires and compact frame allow them to navigate and operate in confined spaces.

  • RTC-80160 Series II

This crane leads with a maximum lift capacity of 160 US tons and a versatile six-section standard boom that extends from 42.3 to 195.3 feet. 

It achieves a maximum tip height of 204 feet, making it suitable for high-rise projects. The winch line pull is a formidable 25,955 lbs, ensuring strong and steady lifting capabilities.

  • RTC-80130 Series II

This crane is designed for medium to large-scale operations with a lift capacity of 120 US tons and a five-section boom ranging from 40.6 to 155 feet. It reaches a maximum tip height of 237 feet, providing reach for various construction needs.

  • RTC 100 RT

RTC 100 RT offers a lift capacity of 100 tons at a 10-foot working radius. Its maximum boom length is an impressive 174 feet, and it can reach up to 183 feet in tip height.

  • RTC-8050 Series II

This more compact crane has a maximum lift capacity of 50 US tons. Its four-section boom extends from 35 feet 6 inches to 110 feet, with a maximum tip height of 118.44 feet. This crane is particularly suited for smaller sites.

4 4 main types of mobile cranes commonly used in construction

3. Telescopic Truck Cranes

These cranes are celebrated for their extended reach and flexibility. Their telescopic booms allow for a significant range in height and distance, making them suitable for various construction tasks, especially where space is limited.

  • HTC-8660 Series II

This model has a maximum lift capacity of 60 US tons and a standard boom length of 35.5 to 110 feet. It achieves a maximum tip height of 148 feet, suitable for medium-range lifting tasks. 

The winch line pull is a substantial 15,871 lbs, and it boasts a maximum line speed of 502 feet per minute, ensuring efficient and quick lifting operations.

  • HTC-8690

This crane is designed for heavier lifting with a lift capacity of 90 US tons and a five-section boom extending from 38 to 140 feet. It reaches a maximum tip height of 237 feet, ideal for high-rise construction projects.

  • HTC-86100

This crane offers a 100-ton lift capacity with a total power boom extending from 38 to 140 feet. Its maximum tip height is also 237 feet, providing ample reach, especially in urban environments with a premium vertical space.

  • HTC-86110

The most robust in this category, it has a maximum lift capacity of 110 US tons. The standard boom ranges from 38.3 to 164.1 feet, with a pin and latch system for added stability. 

Like its counterparts, it reaches a maximum tip height of 237 feet, suitable for large-scale construction projects requiring significant lifting power and reach.

5 4 main types of mobile cranes commonly used in construction

4. All Terrain Cranes

Known for their versatility and strength, All Terrain Cranes are essential in projects where mobility across different terrains is crucial. They offer the power of more giant cranes while maintaining the flexibility to move on both highways and rugged sites.

  • 175 AT

This crane boasts a 175-ton capacity and a six-section boom ranging from 42.7 to 197.2 feet. Its pin and latch system ensure stability and precision. With optional attachments, it can reach an impressive maximum tip height of 315.1 feet, making it a top choice for high-rise construction.

  • ATC-3210

With a maximum lift capacity of 210 US tons and a six-section boom extending from 44.3 to 200.1 feet, the ATC-3210 is designed for heavy-duty lifting. It achieves a maximum tip height of 234.1 feet and offers a full line pull of 25,955 lbs, combining reach with power.

  • ATC-3275

The most powerful in this category, the ATC-3275, can lift to 275 US tons. It features a seven-section boom that extends from 43.7 to 223 feet, providing exceptional reach and flexibility. 

Like the ATC-3210, it also reaches a maximum tip height of 234.1 feet and has a full line pull of 25,955 lbs, making it ideal for large-scale construction projects.

How to Choose The Suitable Crane and Where to Buy It

Choosing the right crane is crucial for your project's success and Traknus offers a comprehensive approach to ensure you make the best choice. When selecting a crane, consider factors like lift capacity, boom length, and the type of terrain it will operate on. It's essential to match these specifications with your project's requirements.

At Traknus, purchasing a crane is a commitment to quality and service. Every crane undergoes a thorough Pre-Delivery Inspection to guarantee it meets top standards. After your purchase, Traknus provides free inspection and periodic maintenance services. Regular maintenance is vital in extending your crane's lifespan and keeping it running smoothly.

If your crane needs more detailed attention, Traknus' Overhaul and Recondition services, led by certified mechanics, are ready to assist. Our team is always available to help you with any questions or needs. 

You can reach us anytime at the Traknus Call Center (1500-072) or WhatsApp (+62815-1106-1974). We aim to ensure your crane operates at its best, supporting your projects effectively.

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